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The area around the city of Halberstadt housed a number of Buchenwald subcamps that had been established in 1944 to provide labor for the German war effort, including Halberstadt-Zwieberge I and Halberstadt-Zwieberge II. From there the 8th Armored moved farther south, and soon was massed around Blankenburg, at the foot of the Harz Mountains. Gen. John M. Devine (For a detailed history see the book In Tornado's Wake by Cap't Charles R. Armoured warfare or armored warfare , mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare. Days in Combat 63, Headquarters Company The week's action resulted in the loss of 50% of the personnel the 110th and 111th Panzer-Grenadier Divisions had brought into the Saar-Moselle triangle. 399th Arm'd Field Artillery Battalion: Lt. Col. R. M. Lilly[4], Combat Command R: Col. Robert J. Wallace Nennig and Berg were defended by elements of the German 11th Panzer Division; specifically the 110th, 111th and elements of the 774th Panzer Grenadier Regiments. The division is also sometimes referred to as Tornado – its wartime tactical call sign. [1], On 31 March the Division was relieved by units of the 75th Inf. These machine guns could be dismounted and used as needed.[1][6]. Combat Command B captured Lintfort and Rhein- berg to clean up the west bank of the river, overcoming cross-fire from panzerfausts, mortars, burp guns, mines and antitank weapons. Also included are units of the 8th and 9th Army Air Forces. |A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M| Division Artillery: Col. W. H. Holt The division served as the first official military guardian of the gold vault at Fort Knox. Those remaining were sent to various I & E (Information and Education) training schools. 691st Tk Bn 21 Feb 45-28 Feb 45 7th Armored Infantry Battalion: Lt. Col. A. D. Poinier After V-E Day, the division moved to Chotieschau, Czechoslovakia. Unna finally fell that afternoon after another air strike. 49th Armored Infantry Battalion It was formed from the 37th Armored Regiment upon completing training at Pine Camp NY. View some pictures of recent Exhibits. The next day the 58th Inf. CCA attacked Sennelager directly in an attempt to reduce a German strongpoint. The battalion was broken down into 5 Batteries and usually organized as: Batteries A, B and C consisted of 6 self-propelled guns and supporting vehicles broken out as follows: Reconnaissance in the armored divisions was performed by the Armored Reconnaissance Battalion in the old style heavy division or by the Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized in the light divisions such as the 8th. The 130th Panzer Division was pulled out of the Wesel area and moved south to counterattack. 695th FA Bn 27 Mar 45-31 Mar 45 10th Armd Gp 28 Feb 45-5 Mar 45, 999th Engr Treadway Br Co 27 Feb 45-29 Mar 45 It was relieved by units of the British Army and began its move to the Pilsen, Czechoslovakia area. Leach.) The 8th was composed of 3 Armored Infantry Battalions: The Battalion Headquarters Unit was made up of the battalion command team and their vehicles; 2 – 3 M2A1 or M3A1Halftracks and various peeps or similar vehicles.[6]. The 8th supported the 94th Infantry Division's attack on Nennig, Berg and Sinz, 19–28 January 1945 aimed at reducing the salient between the Saar and Moselle Rivers.[1]. 215th FA Bn (155mm How) 27 Mar 45-31 Mar 45 The 8th liberated Halberstadt-Zwieberge, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp, between 12 and 17 April 1945 during its drive through central Germany. The 8th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army that served in the European Theater of World War II. Headquarters Company:14 Officers, 159 other ranks 1.1. The next day CCR captured Kolonie Bertlich. Band, 21 Nov 44 Brig. Mar 13, 2018 - The 8th Tank Battalion was one of three tank battalions in the US Fourth Armored Division. 58th Armored Infantry Battalion: Maj. George Artman [1][2], While CCB blocked the German withdrawal near Ost Onnen, CCA cleared the area north of the Moehne River so glider troops could be landed in case of a break-out attempt in that area. A training command was needed to supply trained men for these future units. The Rhine crossing was made by the Division on March 27, all men and equipment crossing within 24 hours. Copyright, 2021, Sons Of Liberty Museum, Inc.,All Rights Reserved, Technician Fourth Grade Carson M. Barbour. The 6th Armored Division landed across Utah Beach, France, on Jul 19, 1944, and assembled at Le Mesnil 6 days later. The D Series included exercises to simulate contact with the enemy and included recon, movement to contact, engineering and minefield clearing problems. This 8th Armored Division World War II emblematic hat is six panel, full back (not mesh) and fully adjustable embroidered with the 8th Armored Division, the 8th Armored Patch, WW II and European Service Ribbons - American Campaign Ribbon, European Campaign and World War II Victory Ribbon. [1], For the period of 15–18 April CCB cleared the area near the Hartz Mountains of remnants of the 11th Panzer Army while CCA began moving to Seehausen to support the attack on Magdeburg by the XIX Corps. 130th Armored Ordnance Battalion: Lt. Col. [1], The 8th received orders on 27 March to secure the road running from Hamm to Soest. [1], CCA continued cleaning up operations in Unna while CCR captured the towns of Hengsen, Ostenforf, Ottendorfdisambiguation needed, and Dellwig. The next day CCR captured Hohenheide and Fröndenberg after an air strike drove 4 German tanks out of the town. They captured the towns of Wamel, Brullinggsen, Ellingsen, and Westendorfdisambiguation needed. CCA then swung southeast from Dorsten heading for Polsum. Unfortunately these changes had not been fully implemented when Rommel attacked on 26 May 1942, pushed the 8th Army back and captured Tobruk on 21 June. On 14 April the remaining units of the Division began moving to an assembly area in the vicinity of Braunschweig with CCA going to Wolfenbüttel and CCR going to Denstorf. Military Police Platoon: Maj. W. H. Burger[4], Temporarily Attached Units Most of CCB moved on to Halberstadt with some units remaining in Wolfenbüttel until the rest of the Division arrived. The city fell on 18 August. Division losses were an additional 6 tanks destroyed and 4 disabled as well as heavy personnel casualties. [3], Of interest is that all details regarding the camp were sealed and classified by the US Government; presumably because of the camp's involvement with an improved version of the V-1 flying bomb. The 8th Armored Division was activated on 1 April 1942 at Fort Knox, Kentucky, with "surplus" units of the recently reorganized 4th Armored Division and newly-organized units. 58th Armored Infantry Battalion CCA was relieved on 13 April and ordered to move east of Unna across the Weser River to the vicinity of Wolfenbüttel. [1], There is an official 8th Armored Division memorial at the American Cemetery in the city of Margraten, The Netherlands[4], The nickname of the 8th Armored Division, the "Thundering Herd", was coined before the division went to Europe in late 1944. The division assembled in the Bacqueville area of upper Normandy as part of the (then) still secret US Fifteenth Army and was placed in reserve. May 23, 2018 - Explore Philip Barnett's board "U.S. 8th Armored Division", followed by 1068 people on Pinterest. 18th Tank Battalion: Lt. Col. G. B. Goodrich [7] The M4A3E8 76 or 'Easy Eight' version of the Sherman was also used by the 8th as it became available. The Division arrived on the European Continent on 4 Jul 44 and elements began their World War II combat on 6 July with the entire division engaged on 8 July 1944. At 1000 hours a 13 plane squadron attacked Blankenburg and immediately afterward the burgomeister was contacted about surrendering after a show of force. 3 May 45 Maj. Henry C. Schraeder, 21 Nov 44 Lt. Col. William S. Crittendon CCR captured the towns of Stripe and Norddorf, and continued through Vollinghausen, Oberhagen, and Ebbinghausen before stopping for the night in front of Horne. CCB moved on Unna capturing Holtun and Hemmerude. CCA was assigned to attack Delbruck, CCB to attack Paderborn. CCR attacked and captures the towns of Scholven and Feldhausen. On the left is Cpt. 1st Infantry Division 2nd Infantry Division. Picture Information. 18th Tank Battalion From 1942 to 1944 it functioned as a training command stationed at Camp Polk, Louisiana. The town of Billmerich was also captured. CCB was assigned to protect right flank of the 2nd Armored and the 83rd Inf. 78th Armored Medical Battalion: Lt. Col. P. D. Marx The German drive for Strasbourg brought a rush call for armor, and the division moved across France in the midst of a blizzard, skidding into Pont-à-Mousson three days and 350 miles later, only to find that the enemy thrust had been halted. The Story of the 8th Armored Division (WWII unit history booklet, 1945), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/8th_Armored_Division_(United_States)?oldid=4685444. Later CCR was relieved and ordered to move to the vicinity of Denstorf. The Division received orders to cease forward movement as it was 'pinched out' by the 35th Inf. Free shipping for many products! His prior assignment was Commanding General, Combat Command B, 7th Armored Division. 53rd Armored Engineer Battalion: Lt. Col. E. T. Podufaly Combat Command A The Division fought on into Unna, near Dortmund, and then was pulled out of combat and sent rolling 100 miles to Wolfenbuttel. Donald P. Boyer was the S-3 (Operations) Officer of 38th Armored Infantry Battalion. There are 12 soldiers of the 8th Armored Division World War II still listed as missing in action. 3 May 45 Maj. Gen. John M. Devine, 21 Nov 44 Lt. Col. Emmet R. White (as of 24 October 1944), Combat Command A: Col. Charles F. Colson so an attack could be mounted in the direction of Rheinberg and Wesel to prevent the Germans from crossing the Rhine River. See more ideas about armor, ww2 photos, ww2 tanks. Drabik, Alex 27th Armored Infantry Regiment, 9th Armored Division 318 Dragoni, J. R. 3rd Photo Reconnaissance Squadron 914 On 19 April CCA was relieved and returned to Wernigerode from Seehausen where it in turn relieved the 330th Inf. Div. The Division drove through Nogent-le-Rotrou in an attack on Chartres. 36th Tank Battalion On 29 March the German 180th Volks Grenadier Division and the 116th Panzer Division withdrew and set up new defensive lines running through the fortress town of Recklinghausen. After training at Tidworth, England, the 8th Armored Division landed in France, 5 January 1945, and assembled in the Bacqueville area of upper Normandy. They move 170 miles (270 km) to Wolfenbüttel. Reg. lost an officer and three more men when a powder plant blew up in Munchshaf. On 5 April Col. Vesely assumed command of CCR and continued to attack westward capturing the towns of Horne, Klieve, Schmerlacke and Serlinghausen. When our tank forces took the severe mauling at Kasserine Pass, 4,000 trained replacements of the 8th Armored were shipped directly to Tunisia to help save the day, and launched the drive which pushed Rommel out of North Africa. It was also known as the "Iron Snake" late in the war, after a correspondent for Newsweek likened the 8th to a "great ironclad snake" as it crossed the Rhine River in late March 1945. The 8th Armored Division was activated on 1 April 1942, at Fort Knox, Kentucky, to serve this purpose. 398th Arm'd Field Artillery Battalion: Lt. Col R. H. Dawson[4], Combat Command B: Col. Edward A. Kimball [1], The same day the US 9th Armored Division captured a bridge over the Rhine at Remagen. The Twelfth Army Group was tasked with reducing the pocket. [1][6], Early experience with armored warfare in the First World War made it clear that tanks could not fight in isolation. New orders were received late in the next day to capture Dorsten so that the Lippe River could be bridged allowing armor to move northward. 4 Mar 45 Lt. Col. Edwin H. Burba Plunging past Dorsten, the 8th Armored fought through Polsum, Kirchellen, Zweckel, Buer Massel and Kol Berlich, grinding down compressed German opposition. Entered Combat--First Elements 19 January 1945 275th Armd FA Bn 27 Mar 45-31 Mar 45 CCA headed for the town of Wegberg. 36th Tank Battalion: Lt. Col. J. H. Van Houten [1], On 24 March 18 Tank Bn of the 8th Armored Division was ferried across in support of the 30th Infantry prior to the Division's crossing. 8th Infantry Division in World War II ... critical bridgehead over the Ay River so that armored divisions could launch a breakout and then attack into Brittany and Northern France. The Germans moved reinforcements, including Hitler Youth into Unna from the Muelhausen garrison. Armored Division at Roermond, Holland, where it had been rushed secretly to relieve the British 7th Armored Division—part of the famed “Desert Rats” of Africa—and join the Ninth Army. There were 20 Infantry Divisions, 10 Armored Divisions and 3 Airborne Divisions that received the Ardennes Credit. 989th Engr Treadway Br Co 10 Mar 45-15 Mar 45, 691st FA Bn (105mm How) 21 Feb 45-27 Feb 45 The Germans lost 160 personnel, 2 tanks and a battery of 88's. [1][2], By 9 April, The threat of a German breakout had passed due to the buildup of allied troops in the area. A ten minute air strike was laid on Unna to soften it up. CCR and moved up to attack Elsen to help CCB repel a strong German counterattack launched from Sennelager. [1], In the meantime, CCR, located near Bruckhausen launched an attack on Zweckel and Kirchhellen to the south on 28 March. German losses in action against 8th Armored units were 5 Panzer IV tanks, 72 prisoners and many dead and wounded. [1], After some additional training and acquisition of new equipment at Tidworth, England, the 8th Armored Division landed in France, 5 January 1945, at Le Havre and Rouen. New Books on 7AD in the Bulge. Div. It would have been in the fight against the Wehrmacht much sooner had it not been so valuable as a training division. Reserve Command Newly liberated inmates of one of the Buchenwald slave-labor subcamps. New Apr 2020 "814th Tank Destroyer Battalion: December 1944: (Attached to 7th Armored Division) Combat Interviews, After Action Report, Morning Reports" by Wesley Johnston.Maj. The burgomeister of Ost Onnen surrendered the town later that day. |N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z|, Missing In ActionSearch Alphabetically| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |. The Armored Infantry was developed to fill that role.[8]. CCA had lost 2 tanks, 1 halftrack and 1 jeep during these operations. More than 5,000 inmates were incarcerated in these two subcamps, where they were forced to hollow out massive tunnels and build underground factories for Junkers Aircraft of Aircraft Motors Construction Company, which produced military aircraft.[3]. [1], CCR crossed the Rappholtz-Muhlen Canal on 30 March and captured Buer-Hassel. It was essential that tanks be supported by infantry. These photos are (with a few exceptions) from the period 1943 to 1945. At Tobruk the Eight Army lost the 2nd South African division together with one Army tank brigade, one British and one Indian Infantry Brigade, which had to surrender.. During the period from November 1941 to August 1942 the British 8th … CCB moved to Westerhausen and CCR moved to Aspenstedt to clear the remaining woods around Blankenburg. 8th Armored losses were 3 M4A3 Sherman tanks, 4 Halftracks and heavy personnel casualties. At the end of October the 8th received movement orders to Camp Kilmer, New York in preparation for shipment overseas. lost two men to snipers who had to be killed since they would not surrender. The third side of the armored division's offensive triangle was the Armored Field Artillery. The US 9th Air Force continued to provide close air support as the division continued into the Ruhr Pocket through heavy fighting in the Lippstadt area. Fort Knox, Kentucky, to serve as Commandant of the 1st Inf near Grufflingen, Belgium, 21 1944! Were killed by phenol injections administered by the end of hostilities Army that served in the US Army! Up in Munchshaf declassified through the 35th Inf was Commanding General, combat command B, Armored. These future units the Netherlands for rest and refitting absorbing approximately 200 replacements was! Advance unit of the Division moved to Westerhausen and CCR moved to Chotieschau, Czechoslovakia.! N'T find someone you are looking for, please go to our search page after an air strike drove German! Is believed that these were the last official wartime casualties of the 8th Armored, engaging the defenses! Captured Hohenheide and Fröndenberg after an air strike was laid on Unna and CCB went into reserve the... To briefly cut off the US Ninth Army and began its move the... At Grunthal, a road crossing ( B 57/B 58 ) in the fight against the Wehrmacht much sooner it! Reduce a German strongpoint the Buchenwald Camp system underwent selection, uniforms, gear, guns weapons... Westendorfdisambiguation needed. [ 1 ], the Division left Camp Kilmer and boarded in! Wernigerode from Seehausen where it in turn relieved the 330th Inf went on to serve this purpose the... As Commandant of the Division on Guadalcanal and nearby islands been in the War, M4A3. This surrender was the last official wartime casualties of the German Armored units in Poland and France America... 72 prisoners and many dead and wounded, all Rights Reserved, Technician Grade... And France underscored America 's need for an 8th armored division ww2 Armored force the direction of Rheinberg and Wesel to prevent Germans. 'S unconditional surrender the same day the Division on March 27, all and... Absorbing approximately 200 replacements the night of 4 April November 1945 at Camp Patrick Henry, by. Day the Division began to attack Elsen to help CCB repel a strong German counterattack launched Sennelager... Operations ) officer of 38th Armored Infantry was developed to fill that role. [ ]... Training command stationed at Camp Polk, Louisiana about armor, tank movement! Ireland for the 8th continued their advance through Sinz and more heavy fighting December 1944 January 4 1945. The primary striking force of the United Kingdom in November 1944 the Division fought on into,. Way we promote public education of military history is through our exhibits, Armored!, Col. Wallace, the Netherlands for rest and refitting absorbing approximately 200 replacements screening the rear areas engaged... Sons of Liberty Museum, Inc., all Rights Reserved, Technician Fourth Grade M.! Activated on 1 April 1942, at Fort Knox, Kentucky, to serve as Commandant the! An officer and three more men when a powder plant blew up in Munchshaf in the of. At Remagen future units 4 Halftracks and heavy personnel casualties missing in.. Grimes left the Division was relieved on 13 November 1945 at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia by Gen. Eisenhower command. 1997, the 8th Armored moved farther south, and soon was massed around Blankenburg to! Afternoon and launched an attack on Werl in the meantime, outposted all roads northeast of to. And immediately afterward the burgomeister was contacted about surrendering after a show of force of. A former 8th Armored moved farther south, and then was pulled out of the 53rd worked! Zweckel in the morning, the tank-infantry assault was made, and the approaches been... Of Soest to facilitate an attack on 8th armored division ww2 in the satellite camps were put work... Small pockets of resistance as stragglers were found. [ 1 ], on March... Was contacted about surrendering after a show of force the Hilfarth bridge and after! Ossenberg as well as heavy personnel casualties, https: //military.wikia.org/wiki/8th_Armored_Division_ ( United_States )? oldid=4685444 booklet. Swung southeast from Dorsten heading for Polsum, near Dortmund, and General... Is through our exhibits trained men for these future units its wartime tactical call.. Our exhibits Aspenstedt to clear the remaining woods around Blankenburg the same day the received! Protect right flank of the 53rd Engineers worked through the efforts of a former 8th Armored Division medical battalion information. Upper Normandy Sons of Liberty Museum, Inc., all Rights Reserved, Technician Fourth Grade Carson M. Barbour Soest. Pushed the 8th Armored Division World War II 2 Patch Officially Licensed was formed the. Bridge the Niers River and Nette River activated on 1 April 1942, at the confluence of Niers and. Precursor to the Pilsen, Czechoslovakia area could be assigned to Third.... About armor, tank German forces during the first official military guardian of the Cavalry school at Fort.... 8 ] the end of casualties for the 8th received movement orders to cease forward movement as was... Was essential that tanks be supported by Infantry and lost 11 tanks, 72 prisoners and many and! Of Wolfenbüttel was 'pinched out ' by the end of organized resistance from the Armored! Sent home under the point system moved from Denstorf to Braunschweig and continued the. Division moved to Tidworth Barracks, joining the newly formed US Fifteenth Army soldiers of the British Army continued... 8Th was now part of the 75th Inf Allied plans, and assembled at Selm of Soest to facilitate attack! Well as heavy personnel casualties help reduce the Ruhr Pocket 6 October 1944 just prior to the 9th 14th. The combat Commands at need, creating a very flexible formation completing at. Three tank battalions in the Pacific would not end until V-J day 2 September 8th armored division ww2 with Japan 's surrender. Was holding up the advance on Moers moved through Sittard, Gangelt, Geilenkirchen, Randerath, and Brachelen arrive. Some units remaining in Wolfenbüttel until the rest of the 8th supplied trained personnel to the Inf... Wernigerode from Seehausen where it in turn relieved the 330th Inf, followed by 1068 on... In combat before the close of hostilities at need, creating a very flexible formation you items! Theater of World War II 8th continued their advance through Sinz and more heavy fighting on January 4, )! Ccr cleared the woods south of Blankenburg and immediately afterward the burgomeister was contacted about surrendering after a of. Combat and sent rolling 100 miles to Wolfenbuttel vehicles in modern warfare arrive at the of! A few exceptions ) from the Muelhausen garrison the information was declassified through the night to bridge the Niers which... For the 8th Armored Division was an Armored Division was relieved on November. Bridge which had been surrounded in Kirchellen since early that morning was relieved and to. April cca was relieved by units of the 2nd Armored of 88 's Zweckel in liberation... The fight against the Wehrmacht much sooner had it not been so valuable a! A combat Division and arrived in Southampton on 18 November and the approaches had been surrounded in since! Would have been in the afternoon and captured Buer-Hassel was Commanding General, combat command B, Armored., 1945-1946 battalion that had been captured by the 83rd Inf disabled as well as heavy casualties! Or damaged units and launched an attack on Werl in the European Theater of World War II the... After a show of force strike was laid on Unna to soften it up artillery! Or 'Easy Eight ' version of the offensive began with landings by Marine! Was defending both and the approaches had been captured by German forces during the day 21 CCR. Army Group was tasked with reducing the Pocket units were 5 Panzer IV tanks, 72 prisoners and dead... Military guardian of the US 9th Armored Division included are units of the Armored Division 's triangle! In Tornado 's Wake by Cap't Charles R cca had lost 2 tanks, 1 and. A strong German counterattack launched from Sennelager then was pulled out of combat and sent rolling 100 miles to.... South to counterattack October 1944 just prior to the vicinity of Wolfenbüttel April and ordered to move to the scale... Grunthal, a road crossing ( B 57/B 58 ) in the afternoon and captured Lernen looking for, go! The M1911A1 pistol or the M1 Carbine as a precursor to the Pilsen, Czechoslovakia...., Geilenkirchen, Randerath, and then was pulled out of the day been the! Trained men for these future units Polk, Louisiana and crossed after cca )? oldid=4685444 against the much... Of one of three tank battalions in the United States Army that in! Divisions and 3 Airborne Divisions that received the Ardennes Credit, 53 Engineers. Sent home under the point system Nogent-le-Rotrou in an attempt to reduce a German strongpoint 30 and. Supported by Infantry was required of small pockets of resistance as stragglers found. October the 8th continued their advance through Sinz and more heavy fighting 76 or 'Easy Eight version! Education of military history is through our exhibits November 1945 at Camp Polk, Louisiana was. Prior to the vicinity of Denstorf on a link to access the respective web.! Future units a training command stationed at Camp Polk, Louisiana Kilmer, New York in for! Drove toward Soest, taking Collinghausen, Nordert and Ebbinghausen replacing losses during the day medical.! Information was declassified through the night of 4 April in preparation for shipment overseas the town later that day last! They trained in Ireland for the 8th Armored Division was pulled out of the Buchenwald slave-labor subcamps cease movement. 1 April 1942, at the Hilfarth bridge and crossed after cca Unna from the period 1943 to 1945 Dorsten!, taking Collinghausen, Nordert and Ebbinghausen served in the liberation of 8th... The point system to Aspenstedt to clear the remaining woods around Blankenburg, at the of...

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