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"[58], The Missourians evicted from their homes were no better prepared than the Mormon refugees had been. My brigade shall march for Liberty to-morrow morning, at 8 o'clock, and if you execute those men, I will hold you responsible before an earthly tribunal, so help me God! The Settlement of The Peculiar People in Jackson County. McBrier's house was among those burned. 24. “Peace and Violence among 19th-Century Latter-day Saints,” Gospel Topics Essays, topics.lds.org. After the inquiry, all but a few of the Mormon prisoners were released, but Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Caleb Baldwin, Hyrum Smith and Alexander McRae were held in the Liberty Jail in Liberty, Clay County on charges of treason against the state, murder, arson, burglary, robbery and larceny. "In the summer and fall of 1838, animosity between Mormons and their neighbors in western Missouri erupted into an armed conflict known as the Mormon War. One historian notes that Governor Boggs was running for election against several violent men, all capable of the deed, and that there was no particular reason to suspect Rockwell of the crime. Many of Boggs' constituents felt that he had mis-managed the situation, by failing to intervene earlier in the crisis, and then by overreacting on the basis of partial and incorrect information. The Latter Day Saints were to give up their leaders for trial and to surrender all of their arms. Most of these refugees settled in or near what would become the city of Nauvoo, Illinois. King, on charges of treason, murder, arson, burglary, robbery, larceny and perjury. The church relocated from Kirtland to Far West, which became the new headquarters of the church. [1] In Daviess County, where Whigs and Democrats had been roughly evenly balanced, Mormon population reached a level where they could determine election results. Tensions rose in Clay County as the Mormon population grew. Agitation against the Latter Day Saints had become particularly fierce in the sparsely settled counties north and east of Caldwell County. The soldiers also turned their horses into our fields of corn.[92][93]. [59], Many Latter Day Saints were greatly troubled by the occurrences. [35][36], When the Mormons heard a rumor that Judge Adam Black was gathering a mob near Millport, one hundred armed men, including Joseph Smith, surrounded Black's home. In this major new interpretation of those events, LeSueur argues that while a number of prejudices and fears stimulated … On August 19, 1838, Mormon settler Smith Humphrey reports that 100 armed men led by Colonel William Claude Jonestook him prisoner for two hours and threatened him and the rest of the Mormon community.[43]. Their economic cohesion allowed the Mormons to dominate local economies. In previous attacks from Missouri mobs, the Saints learned that the government of the state had no interest in protecting unpopular victims of violence. On Sunday, October 14, a small company of state militia under the command of Colonel William A. Dunn of Clay County arrived in Far West. Joseph Smith’s vision of building a “Zion” community of righteous Saints became tied less to a geographical place and more to wherever Church members should gather.8 The war also resulted in the defection of important leaders. [12], At the same time, a leadership struggle between the church presidency and Missouri leaders led to the excommunication of several high-placed Mormon leaders, including Oliver Cowdery (one of the Three Witnesses and the church's original "second elder"), David Whitmer (another of the Three Witnesses and Stake President of the Missouri Church), as well as John Whitmer, Hiram Page, William Wines Phelps and others. [68] Generals Atchison, Doniphon and Parks decided they needed to call out the militia to "prevent further violence." By the time Joseph Smith left Ohio for the Mormon settlement of Far West, Missouri, in the summer of 1838, opposition to the Church’s presence in Missouri had reached a critical point.2, On July 4, 1838, Sidney Rigdon warned that the Saints would no longer tolerate persecution or the denial of their rights as citizens of the United States. Black refused, but after meeting with Smith, he wrote and signed a document stating that he "is not attached to any mob, nor will attach himself to any such people, and so long as they [the Mormons] will not molest me, I will not molest them. He's still alive, ain't he? Exaggerated initial reports indicated that nearly all of Bogart's company had been killed. [4] An unknown number of non-combatants died due to exposure and hardship as a result of being expelled from their homes in Missouri.[5]. Military conflicts similar to or like 1838 Mormon War. An orphan, he fought in the 1838 Mormon War at the age of 12. The Mormon War is a name that is sometimes given to the 1838 conflict which occurred between Latter-day Saints (Mormons) and their neighbors in the northwestern … The Missouri Argus published an editorial on December 20, 1838, that public opinion should not permit the Mormons to forcibly be expelled from the state: They cannot be driven beyond the limits of the state—that is certain. By referring or linking you to this resource, we do not endorse or guarantee the content or the views of the author. On May 6, 1842, Boggs was shot in the head at his home three blocks from Temple Lot. Tensions built up between the rapidly-growing Mormon community and the earlier settlers for a number of reasons: These tensions led to harassment and mob violence against the Mormon settlers. [39], In the spring of 1838, Henry Root, a non-Mormon who was a major land-owner in Carroll County, visited Far West and sold his plots in the mostly vacant town of De Witt to church leaders. Download The 1838 Mormon War In Missouri books , "In the summer and fall of 1838, animosity between Mormons and their neighbors in western Missouri erupted into an armed conflict known as the Mormon War. Visits Mormons and non-Mormons in Missouri: LeSueur, Stephen C.: 9780826261038: Books -.... A Call to arms: the Year the Saints were disarmed, mounted squads visited Mormon settlements with and! The occurrences content or the views of the Missourian settlements, the Mormons plundered the property and the! Opponents. [ 1 ] [ 45 ], None of the.! Poured into Missouri. [ 88 ] Witt in Carroll County forces sealed off the town.... Witnesses remembered that Smith said to `` beg like a dog for peace, new York and... 59 ], None of these refugees settled in or near what would become the city of,... 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